[Updated July 27, 2017]
Think you know all there is to know about vinyl records? A real vinyl record collector would never commit any of these TEN sins to their records. In our previous article, How To Clean Vinyl Records, you learned all about cleaning your records by hand with regular household cleaners or a record cleaning machine however, that is only the start. Vinyl records are treasures to enjoy, but one must treat them with care as they are very fragile and easily damaged. Below are ten common mistakes that can ruin records and/or impede their sound quality.
Written by Bernard F. Lopez
Stop using your shaky hand to cue up a recordHow do you skip songs on a vinyl record? Do you pick up the tonearm and swing it across the disc and plop it down as your speakers rattle from the loud thud? Break that habit now. Here's how to properly cue up a song on a vinyl record: Use the cueing lever on your turntable to raise and lower the needle. Your hand is never truly steady so it's easy to slip up, and gouge the grooves of a record or even break the needle on your cartridge. Never drop or abruptly pick up the needle on a vinyl record especially as it's fading out. Over time you'll start to hear ticks and pops as the vinyl is gradually getting gouged in those areas. Use the cueing lever and aim to cue up a song just before the music starts so that the needle SLOWLY drops in the silent area of the grooves, and not in the areas with music. Also, wait for the music to fade out completely or stop before picking up the needle. Better still is to play an entire album side straight through from beginning to end. Most audiophile grade turntables are not automatic which means they do not have an end of play lift mechanism. For manual turntables, you can buy an arm lifter like this one.
Do NOT stack vinyl recordsHow do records get warped? One way is by stacking them. Never stack records on top of each other whether in their jackets or not. This is one sure fire way to cause warping, possible cracking of the vinyl record because of the weight, and will inevitably produce scuff marks and ring wear on the album cover marring the artwork. Records must always be stored upright like books on a shelf. Because of their size and weight, regular bookshelves don't work well to store vinyl records so consider a real record storage cube instead.
Wet playing a vinyl record is not a cureNever wet play a vinyl record in an attempt to quiet the crackle and pops. Doing so only forces the abrasive sludge deeper into the grooves as the needle makes its way around the record possibly doing irreversible damage. This makes the record sound even worse as the crud has dried embedding the dirt throughout the record. Read more on why you shouldn't wet play records. If you want to reduce static pops when playing a record then get one of these.
Keep fingers off the recordHow do you handle a vinyl record? Never touch the record's playing surface with your bare hands or fingers as your body oil will transfer onto the record attracting even more dust thereby affecting sound quality. Always hold a record by its outer edges only. If you accidentally touch a record, it is best to immediately clean it with a liquid record cleaner before putting it back in its sleeve.
Your T-shirt or towel is not a record cleanerResist the temptation to wipe your vinyl record with your shirt or dry cloth no matter how soft it may feel. This will scratch and scuff the record and only move the dirt around. For dry cleaning or light touch up, use this special kind of record cleaning brush as it actually discharges static and lifts dirt without damaging the vinyl record.
View step-by-step directions on how to clean records.
Say NO to non-approved cleaners on your vinyl recordsDo not use lubricants or solvents such as WD40, baby oil, lighter fluid... no matter what anyone may tell you. These fluids can cause a devastating chemical reaction that can permanently damage a record. Use only products labelled as a vinyl record cleaner such as the one from DiscWasher for manual cleaning, or use a professional strength record cleaning solution [link] for tougher dirt. If it's not specifically labelled for use on vinyl records then do NOT use it.
Wait for the record platter to STOPNever place or pick up a vinyl record as the turntable platter is spinning. This will quickly scratch the flipside of a record. Always wait for the platter to come to a complete stop before doing anything. If your turntable platter uses a mat, and you haven't replaced it in some time, then consider replacing or upgrading your mat.
Don't mar that beautiful album cover art with tapeRefrain from using Scotch tape or packaging tape to fix a record cover that is splitting or tearing. It will completely destroy the cover. As the cellophane tape ages, it becomes brittle, yellows, and will ooze adhesive making things worse than before. Best to place the record jacket in a poly outer sleeve and place the record in its inner sleeve behind it or place the record in its inner sleeve inside a generic cardboard record jacket and save the original jacket for safekeeping.
Do you know which sleeves are right for your vinyl records?
Dropping records into a sleeve or jacket is a NO-NOResist the temptation to let a record just plop into an inner sleeve and/or record jacket as this is how covers and sleeves split open. Here's how to properly put a record into its sleeve/jacket: Simply hold the slightly bowed open cover horizontally and gently slide the record in making sure it doesn't bind. Generic replacement record jackets are great for replacing lost or torn jackets.
Never leave your records out of their sleeves longer than necessaryPut vinyl records back into their protective inner sleeve when you're done. Remove a record from the turntable platter as soon as you are finished listening to it to prevent it from attracting dust and dirt. The only time a record should be outside its protective sleeve and jacket is when it is actually being played. No excuses!
View a complete guide on choosing the right sleeves for your vinyl records.
We hope the above list helps you preserve your valuable records for years to come.
Text and photos copyrighted © by Bernard F. Lopez
More Archival Tips for Vinyl Records
- 10 Things NOT to do to Your Vinyl Records
- How To Clean Vinyl Records
- How To Choose Inner & Outer Record Sleeves